the die is cast Julius Caesar: Tyrant, Populist, or Neither?

by:Hanway     2019-08-24
When John Wilks Booth shot and killed Abraham Lincoln in 1865, he should shout the Latin phrase "semsim tilanis" (and thus always against the tyrant ).The phrase is often believed to have originated in Senator Brutus of Rome, which is said to have been used in the most notorious assassination in History: The Assassination of julius Caesar.
Caesar's name will always cause a strong reaction from members of society who are politically involved.When Booth cited Brutus's memory to justify the murder of the president, he was calling on the west to link the name Caesar to tyranny.But Lincoln was loved by his supporters, as he was hated by his critics;And, in his time, Caesar was also a man of the same extreme.For some, he represents tyranny and deprivation of the Constitution;For others, he represents the disintegration of populist and morally bankrupt countries.

The reason Caesar is often described as a tyrant is not difficult to discern.History books and documentaries are full of stories about how he forcibly seized power during the 49-year civil war.45 BC, then showed a complete disregard for the rule of law, essentially turning the Roman Republic into an authoritarian empire.
After defeating the Roman Senate in the civil war, Caesar gained unprecedented power in Rome.He used this authority to implement some controversial policies, including land reform and a one-quarter debt relief from Rome.For the Senate, in order to consolidate its power and curb the democratic process, he is a shameless instigator who has passed populist legislation.When he finally declared himself a dictator of life, the monarchy became too much of a base for senators to ignore, and he was assassinated by senators in a conspiracy.

As mentioned earlier, many of Caesar's policies are intended to improve the situation of the General Roman people, and it is this fact that enables him to maintain his popularity among the lower classes and to strengthen control over power.But it is too easy to focus entirely on Caesar's disregard of the Roman constitution, forgetting that his enemy Senate also complies with the law only if it is in the interests of its members.
Many of Caesar's reforms are clearly necessary and important, not only to improve the stagnant living standards of the general Romans, but also to maintain social cohesion and the rule of law.Similar measures have been tried many times before, but the Senate has been blocking basic reforms, sometimes even illegally.Caesar's supporters believe that he is not a destroyer of the corrupt republic, but a reformer of the corrupt republic.For them,The goal of tenure should not be to replace Republicans with dictatorship;It uses power to save the republic and preserve it for future generations.

There is no doubt that Caesar is more motivated by personal ambition and power.It should be remembered that at this point he is not much different from any other Romans.The Roman society attaches great importance to the concept of glory and success, especially in terms of war and politics.Caesar was only a Roman in order to gain power and immortal fame.He has no power.He is hungry than everyone else, but he is more successful.
But the key point here is that the broader issue is a delicate one, and the usual label of "masochism" and "populist" is not fair.Meaningful historical analysis should be more than simply discussing the success and failure of the "Great Door.In other words, Caesar was able to achieve his personal ambitions because he was able to take advantage of the social conditions that he could not control.
When Caesar's army marched in Rome, they did so because they were loyal to him, to their generals, not to the Roman state.It was their generals who could provide them with land and wealth that was refused by a country ruled by wealthy nobles.Nearly two centuries have passed since the Tribune (Tiberius Gracchus)'s plan to redistribute land and wealth sparked political turmoil, and was later assassinated by conservative politicians.If the Roman Senate learns from it and allows for peaceful and moderate reforms in the subsequent years, the social conditions that make the Caesar Civil War possible may not exist.
John F. Kennedy once said that those who made it impossible to reform peace would inevitably lead to a violent revolution.When Caesar crossed the lubekong River in 49 BC, he wanted to make sure his Army knew that war and political unrest were now inevitable.He made history with the phrase "death is the Castle.In fact, the film had been cast for many years before he was born.
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