molds and casts Fossils Lesson from a Christian Perspective

by:Hanway     2019-08-24
This is the third part of the 6-part hand.The unit of Earth science is viewed from a Christian perspective.The focus of this lesson is Fossils!Create fossil models, dig and piece together dinosaur bones, dig dinosaurs, eat chrysanthemum stones and more!My course is for 2nd-Children of grade 3rd and their siblings.These are the classes I created to work with weekly family Schoolsop.We meet 2 1/2 hours a week with 14 children under the age of 012.Use these fun lessons with your classroom, home, after-school projects or collaborative projectsop!

Open with prayer.
2) sing 2 songs reviewed in the previous class.

3) read the flood description in the Bible (Genesis 7: 10-8:5).

by Tom Dooley.Let the child do hand movements while reading (shoot the thigh whenever we say "rain" and the fingers swing up whenever we say "flood ).It should be emphasized that the flood is responsible for the condition of our Earth today.Many scientists try not to say so.Fossils remind us of the seriousness of sin, but people try to suppress the truth with lies.

4) (do it outside) show how the water comes up from the depths.
As the children look, fill the top of the round casserole with warm water.Tell them the water under the earth is very hot.
Cover the water with at least 3 layers of plastic wrap.Fixed with 3 rubber bands.
Sprinkle plastic wrap with soil (representing the crust or crust) until it covers all plastic wrap (at least 1/4 thick ).
Tell the children that when the flood of the Noah period occurred, not only did it rain in the sky, but water broke out in the depths of the Earth.Piercing the cling film with a sharp knife, watching the water pour out from below, the middle soil and caves form the ocean, and the outside is raised like a mountain.Point this out to the children.The flood divided the land into seven continents.Note how the soil finally begins to float together.In fact, our continent is moving slowly towards each other, and some of our mountains have fallen slightly above sea level.

Go back inside.A picture showing the fountain (like Old Faithful) and a picture of the undersea hot water vents.

.) There is still some very hot water under our crust/crust.

A photo of the undersea hot water vent.(You can use online pictures.

Because it has a good explanation for the hot water outlet and the creatures around it.

Give each child a game-doh.Let them make it into a ball with a hollow center.We will pretend this is the Earth before the flood comes.When the water burst from the depths, our Spherical Earth contracted a little, causing the ocean to deepen and the mountains to rise.Let them squander their tricks.Then observe that it has different heights now.


by Gary E.Parker.

by Ken Ham.

by Gary E.

8) review where fossils (deposited rocks) were found and how they were formed (rapid construction-Sand and silt during the floods), and what they should remind us of (the seriousness of sin ).
Choose 3 children, both boys and girls, who do not want to be volunteers.
The children's No. 1 represents animals deep in the Sea (Chrysanthemum, head foot, three leaf insects, etc ).).Pass those photos to the child.
Children 2 represents animals (fish, sharks, etc.) in the upper part of the ocean ).Give the child a book with those photos.
Children 3 represent the flood.Give the child a book with the photo.
Explain that most of the fossils we found come from animals living in the deep sea, because of the places where the pressure is greatest during the flood.
Let the child lie on the ground.Let the child #2 lie on the top of the child #1.Let the child #3 sit at the top of the child #2.Children 3 represent the flood.Where is the most stressful place?Yes, the first child is under the greatest pressure.That's why almost all the fossils we find are deep-sea animals.

.Check the link to these images (apparently not taken by an 8-year-old ).

When the children listen to the story (activity 7), arrange a small square (about 8) parchment paper (preferred) or aluminum foil.Write their names on parchment with marker pens.Knives, cigarette guns and bread sticks are also placed on each sheet.Preheat the two ovens in the other building to 375.
Explanation: (* ignore the explanation on the link to the website.These are two fossils from undersea animals.There are many at the bottom of the fossil record, because they are animals living under the sea.They're like the first child.If you have pictures of these or these fossils, please show them as well as pictures of Nautilus (modern Chrysanthemum) and squid (modern head foot.
Give each child a smoked appetizing dog, a bread stick dough and a plastic knife.Let them cut 4 cracks in half of the small chimney to make the tentacles.Show them how to wrap bread sticks with snailsStylish typing, reaching out with tentacles, sticking the appetizer dog to the end.Tell them it's supposed to be an animal, chrysanthemum stone, and let them repeat the word "Chrysanthemum Stone.
Head foot: now distribute another small cigarette flavor and crescent roll dough.Let them cut 4 cracks in half of the small chimney to make the tentacles.Show them how to shape the crescent dough into a cone, then place the starter dog at the bigger end and the tentacles reach out.
Place parchment on a baking tray and bake for 15 minutes at 375.

Make a fossil model.

When the children are listening to the story (activity 7), arrange a plate for each child in a side room.Write their names on the plate.Put a small walnut on each plateClay, shells and a small scoop of Vaseline size balls.
Explain the difference between fossil and imprint or casting.Remind the children that the fossils soon formed during the flood.Show them each example.
What is the fossil?Fossils are relics of plants and animals, most of which are covered with sand, mud and water in the flood of noahayi's life.What type of rock is sometimes fossil?(Deposition) fossil remains are the most common fossils found.They are impressions in the deposits of animals and plants that died in Noah's flood.Common trace fossils include animal footprints, nests, insect borrowing, tooth marks, and resting points.Trace fossils are not the original parts of animals or plants.Just like when you step on the mud, your shoe print stays there.There are two kinds of trace fossils, molds and castings.When something is pressed in a soft mud, and then the body or plant breaks down, leaving the impression of the object, the mold is formed.A cast is a 3-D. Examples of past objects when molds are filled with deposits such as ash, mud and even sand.
Let each child grease the shell on the plate with a small amount of Vaseline with his finger.They should press the shell on the model clay and remove it gently.Now you have your mark.Let them say, "Mark ".
Give each of them a spoonful of prepared plaster to fill the imprint and smooth it.Tell them this is the beginning of the casting, but it is easier to see when the plaster is dry.Tell them that their plaster will be exactly the same shape as the original shell fossil.Once the plaster is hardened, we will take it out of the model clay mold.If you wish, you can apply your plaster model to match the original shell as much as possible.
At the end of the process, what we have is exactly the same as the original shape and color.But why are we doing this?Sometimes, the ancient biologists cast the bones they found, such as the dinosaur bone, because if you take it to the museum, the dinosaur bone may fall off.They want to show it off in the museum, so they do the same as we do with these shells and model with dinosaur bones.They often want to show dinosaur bones in many museums, so they make a lot of models so they can send them to many museums to show them.They also made plaster models because most of the time they only found a part of the skeleton.They use plaster models so that you can see what it looks like for a complete animal to be considered by paleologists.
Let the model clay dry for at least 15 minutes before removing it.

(For a group of 16 children) a box of model clay, Vaseline (such as Vaseline), marks, Paris plaster, for the preparation of the subversive bowl and spoon of the Paris plaster;16 small paper trays in Paris, 16 small shells and 16 plastic spoons, a box of clay, Vaseline and plaster;

Let the children show the fossils they bring.

By guessing a destroyed object.The following discussion comes from the link above.
Tell the kids you have a mystery item and you want them to know what it comes from.Tell them this is a small piece on a larger object.Show them the work and let them pass it quickly.

What does this look like before it's destroyed?It was taken out of something.Where do you think it came from?
How old is this?What year did it do?
Where did this come from?Where did it do it?Is it made in China?In Thailand?At my house?
How is this object used?Is it the rope I used to bundle Hay?Is it the cup of my previous plant?
What color is the original object?
How is this object destroyed?
Now reveal to them the real answers to all these questions.

Scientists often try to use a small part of the current evidence to determine the answers to questions about the past.For example, they may take a tooth and some bones and come up with the idea of what an animal or person looks like and looks like.But they can't be sure what this creature or person looks like, how it behaves, or how it is or where it lives.For example, these bones may have been transported by floods from their original location to where they were found.Without making a lot of assumptions, they can't be sure about the color of the skin, or even how big the bones are.Nor can they be sure how the creature died.Maybe it was dead before it was buried.Maybe it was killed in the flood.Maybe another animal killed it.The World View chosen by the scientist will affect his/her interpretation of the evidence.Only with witnesses can we know the truth.The Bible records a witness's account of what happened at the beginning.God created everything and told us in his words!

One more pieceColor mystery items that have been severely damaged: find an object that you don't mind destroying (cassette tape;a cup;A piece of hardware;etc.The more blurry or unusual the object is ).Crushing (or tearing) an object into pieces in a creative way (cut with a saw );Crush it with pliers;Throw it out of the window;Drive the car ).Choose a broken object to show the children.Be sure that it is impossible for the children to know what the original object looks like.
Do it outside.

: On the walkway outside the building, place 4 baking pans in 4 separate areas.Sprinkle the wooden dinosaur bones on the baking tray and cover them completely with sand.
(If you do this activity with senior or older children in elementary school, remove some bone fragments because it is rare to find a complete bone.
Divide the children into 4 groups and send them outside.
They are told that they will first be archaeologists looking for dinosaur bones.Let them "dig" their sand pits, brush the sand off with a brush, and find all the dinosaur skeletons.
Then tell them that they are going to be ancient biologists now and try to piece together the skeleton of the dinosaur.Tell them how many dinosaurs can be assembled in 3 minutes.It can be difficult and frustrating for them.Tell them, "That's what ancient biologists did when they found dinosaur bones.They often don't have a complete set of animals and they have to guess what the animal looks like.

4 large baking pans, 1/2.

14) explain how dinosaur bones were found in loose sand.They were found in the rocks.Archaeologists must be very careful when digging/removing dinosaur "fossils" from rocks because they can easily break bones.Dig "fossils" from the plaster of Paris's "Limestone" neighborhood ".To make a "Limestone" block, buy 1 pound.Paris plaster (hardware or crafts store) for each child ).Mix the plaster with water and pour it into a hot bowl.Push 4 plastic dinosaur toys into plaster.Take out the bowl after 30 minutes, let the plaster block dry for at least one day, and then let the children break it with a hammer.

1 plaster (1 pound) per child ).

If you can find dinosaur eggs in the toy department of your Dollar Tree, go and buy those (they are a plaster egg the size of an Easter egg filled with tiny plastic dinosaur skeletons
15) (if time permits) allow children to remove their fossil models.
16) apply a small amount of ketchup on the little smoke in advance, and then add a smaller amount of mustard to make it look like an eye.Let the children wash their hands.* Let children eat head and foot and chrysanthemum sugar and drink water.

17) a 5-minute review of what we have learned: what events worldwide are responsible for what the Earth is today and most of the fossils?(Floods during Noah) what should fossils remind us?(Judgment of sin God) is the water coming down from the sky?(No, it also comes up from the ground) what happened to the land when water poured out from below?(It's split into continents) most of the marine fossils we find from animals that live at the bottom of the ocean or at the top of the ocean, right?(At the bottom) of the famous moon-type marine bottom animals, we found many fossils today.What type of rock is sometimes fossil?(Deposition) give an example of trace fossils.(Footprints, nests, worms, teeth, rest points ).When we press the shell on the clay, do we make the mold or the casting?(Mold) when we pour the plaster into the mold, what do we do (cast) what is one thing that the ancient biologists have to guess when they find the fossil (how big is it, where it comes from, what it looks like at first, etc.) What kind of old things are scientists looking for like dinosaur bones?(Archaeologist) What is your favorite activity from today on?

Clay models or games

Books: The true story of Noah akxia written by Tom Dolly & Gary E's dry bones and other fossils

1 pack of small cigarette appetizing dog, 2 packs of bread-Dough (like breisbury bread)
A box of clay, Vaseline (such as Vaseline), Marker pen, plaster of Paris, a bowl of resistance, and a spoon used to make a Paris plaster;
One more piece
4 large baking pans, 1/2.

WHAT 3-year-old does not like dinosaurs?When my eldest son was 3 years old, he insisted that dinosaurs could not be the same as humans on Earth because they were never together in any of his picture books.Just then I realized I needed to find some Christian picture books about dinosaurs!It took us a while to find what really attracted my children.

What happened to the dinosaurs?John D. (DJ and Tracker John)

John D Noah's Ark and Ararat adventure

Dinosaurs designed by Duane T

I didn't connect floods to fossils until I was an adult.

Walter Brown helped me get a clear picture of what that meant.You can even read the whole book for free if you want to preview it first

When you study the layers of the Earth, make an edible model of the Earth, bake cookies, show how deposition, deterioration, and Magma are formed, and create fossil models, build a marshmallow structure that can withstand jellyO earthquakes, carving canyons and valleys on sand with wind, water and ice, introducing all aspects of the Earth, and more in these 6 lessonsUnit learning about Earth science!

This is the first part of the 6-part hand.The unit of Earth science is viewed from a Christian perspective.Make an edible earth model, show each layer of the Earth, do core tests on cupcakes, make oobleck and more!

This is the second part of the 6-part hand.The unit of Earth science is viewed from a Christian perspective.Make and eat the "deposited" seven-story bar, make the "spoiled" Snickers bar, do some rock mining, and more!

This is the third part of the 6-part hand.The unit of Earth science is viewed from a Christian perspective.The focus of this lesson is Fossils!Create fossil models, dig and piece together dinosaur bones, dig dinosaurs, eat chrysanthemum stones and more!

This is the fourth part of the 6-part hand.Unit study on Earth scienceMake edible volcanoes, build an erupting Ring of Fire, display plate construction using Graham cookies, use play-doh, and more!

This is the fifth part of the 6-part hand.Unit study on Earth scienceCreate a tsunami, build a marshmallow structure that can withstand an earthquake, perform seismic waves, build and use a seismic instrument, and more!

This is the sixth part of the 6-part hand.Unit study on Earth scienceWhen children carve valleys and valleys on the sand with air, water and ice, show all kinds of erosion.Re-Create the Grand Canyon.Compare how the soil resists erosion.

This is the final project we finished after 6 parts of hands-on.Unit on Earth scienceWe made edible volcanoes, made Earth science presentations, showed paintings of earth layers and volcanoes, sang songs about Earth science, and so on!
Fun, free hands
I have released more than 40 science and society over the yearsResearch based on unit studies has reduced more than 170 classes.Unit studies include the human body, simple machines, Earth science, medieval times, American Revolution, pioneer life, countries around the world and so on!I included activities (with photos), our favorite books and YouTube video clips, lapbook links and other resources for each class.

Do you want to teach this every day?

I use the Konos course as a springboard to plan my course.This is a great course created by mom and active boys!

If you are new to home school or need some new guidance, I highly recommend the Konos home school program!Watch the video-What to do every day and how to teach it in this great hand --on format!
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