cnn - security camera housing dome
The main page of the world pope's visit to Bethlehem;
Elliott Rogers was suspected of a rampage that killed six people and injured 13 others;
The pope invited the Palestinian Authority and the President of Israel to the Vatican for peace talks;
Before the pope's visit to Jerusalem, security was on high alert;
Ukraine's presidential election in May 25, 2014 depends on voters voting
ETTHIS is a hurried transcript at 11: 00.
This copy may not be in final form and may be updated.
CNN International host Becky Anderson: Message of hope in the Middle East: Pope Francis has proven to be the transformative force of the Catholic Church, but can he succeed where countless politicians fail?
I am Becky Anderson and I will be living in Jerusalem for you tonight because the pope has come to the center of this crumbling peace process.
Also, vote in a divided country.
After voting in a very controversial election, we will take you to Ukraine.
Why didn't the warning signal come out?
Police have investigated the incident that led to the killing in California, and the suspect appears to have planned.
Another shooting shocked Belgium.
He is currently searching for a gunman believed to have killed three people at a Jewish museum in Brussels.
Very good evening.
It is now 6: 00 Jerusalem.
Pope Francis expires shortly after calling on both
A national solution to the conflict between Israel and the Middle East.
The Pope recently said in Tel Aviv that Palestinians have the right to establish a sovereign state.
He invited Israeli President Peres to the Vatican for peace talks.
The president's office now welcomes the invitation, but it is unclear whether Obama has accepted it.
Peres will attend.
Palestinian President Abbas accepted his offer earlier today.
Let's bring Delia Gallagher for more information.
This is one--
It was a very busy day. This is a two-and-a-
Half-day wind tour. The man is 77-years-old.
You can't make this up.
There were surprises along the way, especially when he invited the Vatican to talk about peace.
Andrea Gallagher, cnn correspondent: Sure.
I think this is one of the key things that happened today.
It also appears to be the Pope's spontaneous gesture, in addition to another surprising spontaneous gesture to stop on the wall, the wall between the Israeli area and the Palestinian area in the West Bank.
So I think the Pope did leave his mark on this visit today, showing his goodwill towards Palestinians and Israelis.
These walls need to be torn down.
He said the problem needs to be dealt with now.
The Pope is a very firm and thoughtful part of trying to get both sides to sit on the table, and even if it is under the umbrella of the Vatican prayer conference, it will be temporary. . .
Anderson: of course, this is before the meeting he came to attend, and of course, this is the meeting with universal bishop basolomew on the 50 th anniversary, the reconciliation of the two branches of Christianity.
You know the irony of this whole thing is that he is here talking about peace between Palestine and Israel.
He has his own battle with the Orthordox Church, which has lasted for more than 900 years. So. . .
Anderson: We will discuss this at the end of this hour.
At the moment, we thank you very much.
As I said, we will have more about the Pope's visit to "connect the world", including a look at the security situation of his visit to the Middle East.
You will also hear my interview with the mayor of Jerusalem.
As the Pope prepares for his important meeting with the heads of the Orthodox Church, we will see if basolomew will be the last patriarch.
After months of violence and political unrest, Ukrainians are voting for a new president.
About 36 million people registered to vote.
The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe sent 900 observers.
Russian President Vladimir Putin has said he will respect the will of the people, but reiterated that ousted President Viktor Yanukovych remains a legitimate president. And pro-
Russian separatists in the east promised to disrupt the vote. So have they?
Nick Parton Walsh and I brought the latest news from Donetsk together.
Nick, what happened on the ground?
Nick Parton Walsh, cnn international correspondent: Becky, there is no doubt that turnout is low. And (inaudible)that the pro-
Local authorities here in Kiev can put it on, and its polling stations have been open for about a quarter, certainly not in Donetsk.
They shut down because of the fear and intimidation of the separatists.
But for those who are already open, there is about 11% turnout.
So a small group of people in Donetsk actually had the opportunity to hear their voices in this election.
However, what we saw in the center of Donetsk was a massive protest earlier.
A large number of pro
Russian separatist militants shot in the air and heard a live broadcast in the city center, a display of force.
But two or so of these Russian militants are particularly interesting.
Behind a truck is someone who looks very different.
They're obviously Chechens.
I talked to them.
However, the fact that they are Chechens is important because they are Russian citizens.
A man I spoke to said that he was actually a former police officer and maybe still working in Chechnya, but it was not clear.
This will definitely make him-
Or now under the command of the Russian government.
A man like this, armed here, says his will, without the acquiescence of the Russian government, it is almost impossible for him to enter Ukraine, given the tight security around cechania.
Let's listen to my conversation with him. (Start Video)
From the Russian Federation, we are here to protect our interests.
Whose order are you executing? Kadyrov's?
We are volunteers.
Are you serving in Chechnya?
Male: Which unit?
Male: not important.
Unidentified male statusPolice, right? (END VIDEOTAPE)
Vatton: now it's caudio. -
We discussed there, the name of a group of militants loyal to the Russian government, working for the Russian government, working for pro-Russian people
Russian Chechen president kadrov.
This is important because, as we know, Putin said the results of these elections should be respected.
Why in this case, in this group of pro
The Russian separatists are there, by default Russian citizens, and as you have heard, there is a possibility that there will be more people serving the police among them.
I am sure there is some evidence that Ukrainian officials will seize the opportunity to support their long-standing argument that, despite their public sentiment, Russia has been fuelling the unrest here ---Becky.
Anderson: Nick Parton Walsh is on the ground in Donetsk, Ukraine.
Authorities say the Southern California shooting suspect Elliot Roger has been planning an attack for more than a year.
Roger was accused of killing six people before committing suicide on Friday.
On page 140 of the manifesto and online, Roger talked about the massacre of women he thought rejected him.
Well, as you can imagine, the university town in Isla Vista was shocked after the killing.
Sara Sidner is there and she is now joining us for the latest event.
At the very least, there seems to be all sorts of signs that at least the man was disturbed and planned the attacks before the massacre on Friday, Sarah.
What are the authorities talking about at this point?
Sara sidner, cnn international correspondent: Well, we know that the authorities, the deputy to the sheriff, basically had three contacts with him, and Santa Barbara County had three contacts with the sheriff's representative.
One of them, he was in the hospital and called to say he was attacked.
But they looked into this and the investigation turned to someone who looked like Elliot Roger was actually the aggressor.
Thus, the case did not proceed further until further investigation, and the case never moved forward.
In that conversation, according to the sheriff, we knew he actually arrested his roommate.
He said his roommate had stolen a candle worth $22.
The roommate was jailed.
In the end, he was actually visited by four sheriff's deputies, who called the sheriff's department at his mother and asked them to check her son and later arrived at his door, because the family found some disturbing news posted on youTube on the Internet.
The sheriff's deputy spoke to him.
He is very kind to them.
He is timid and shy and he says his way through it.
They left without thinking he would hurt himself or anyone else.
Apparently, the police now consider him the murderer of six innocent people, most of whom are students.
We know the names of the three, but the sheriff's department still keeps the names of the three.
These three names are three people in his apartment.
They were all stabbed to death.
Other people were shot.
13 people were injured, several of them were hit, and several others were hit by his car.
Finally, he hit someone.
It all happened in about 10 minutes, and chaos took place in 10 minutes of Isla Vista ---Becky.
Anderson: something amazing.
You're in Sarah Sidner, California.
So, tonight is still coming here to connect the world, a special connected world that lives for you from Jerusalem.
In Belgium, a search for gunmen who shot at the Jewish Museum
We will get you a live report from Brussels.
We will also get more information about the Pope's visit to the Holy Land.
Let's go live in Bethlehem and Ivan Watson. That up next. (
Anderson: this is a special addition to connecting the world from Jerusalem at the last 6: 10. Welcome back.
Let's take a look at some live photos of Pope Francis who has just arrived in Jerusalem.
He's in Tel Aviv.
Until then, of course, he was in Bethlehem. This is a two-and-a-
A half-day whirlwind tour begins Saturday in Amman, Jordan.
Really, there's a very important thing here ---
This is a very important visit and it is very worthwhile to look forward to the meeting with the ecumenical bishop of Constantine Constantinople.
Now they will visit the Church of the Holy Sepulcher earlier in Tel Aviv.
The Pope said the Palestinians had the right to establish a sovereign state.
He also invited Israeli President Peres to the Vatican for peace talks.
The president's office welcomed the invitation.
However, it is not clear whether Mr.
Peres will attend.
Palestinian President Abbas said he accepted the invitation.
So are we considering further action, perhaps a further era of peace in the Middle East?
Let's invite Ivan Watson, our senior international correspondent.
He is in Bethlehem.
As we had expected, Ivan's security visit to the Pope in Jerusalem was very tight.
Give us a feeling of preparation if you like.
Ivan watson, cnn international correspondent: Well, you know, Becky, I 've never been so close to the Pope before.
It's amazing, I 've read it, of course I 've seen it on TV, but how amazing it is to see a faithful person, and the Roman Catholics really want to get close to this person, we were told, he chose not to use armored vehicles when traveling around.
While traveling in Bethlehem, he was in an open Pope's car.
This presents some challenges for his hosts, whether they are in the West Bank or in Israel.
With the help of the Israeli National Police, we have seen some of the measures they will take to help protect the security of the Pope during his brief stay in Jerusalem. (Start Video)
The Holy City is ready.
The winding alleys of Jerusalem carry the yellow and white flags of the Vatican and its leader Pope Francis.
Security is a major issue, as was the case when the head of state visited.
Our unit and our representative will be fully deployed here.
More than 20 policemen are watching me.
Watson: Mickey Rosenfeld showed me around the Israeli police command center in Jerusalem.
More than 320 cameras have been posted around the old town, and police can closely monitor every step of the Pope.
Unidentified men: then, if we need to focus on a particular individual, we can see each different area.
Rosenfeld said the main threat to the Pope came from Israeli extremists.
Unidentified men: our unit is dealing with criminal incidents with nationalist motives, well known price tags.
Most incidents in the past few weeks have been directed at Israeli Arabs.
There were one or two unfortunate incidents against the church.
Watson: this month, the Catholic Church in Jerusalem was shocked by the recent surge in vandalism known as the price tag, with Hebrew graffiti carrying-Christian slander
As an additional security measure before Pope Francis's visit on Sunday, some owners in the Old City of Jerusalem told us that they were ordered to close their business from Saturday night to Monday.
Unidentified men: this has always been a big problem with security.
You know, everything is coming back to safety.
You know, they can make sure they're safe when the store is open, but they don't want to do that.
You know, it's easier for them to close our doors.
Watson: the PA ambassador to the Vatican is concerned that strict security measures could turn the ancient city into a ghost town.
Unidentified male: I cannot understand the separation of the holy father from his congregation.
I can't see the streets of Jerusalem empty.
Watson: for crowd control purposes, Israeli security forces reportedly blocked many Christians from attending the Easter ceremony at the Church of the Holy Sepulcher last month.
Some Christians here expect the same to happen when the Pope arrives in Jerusalem on Sunday.
Unidentified male: When people like the pope come, you think ---
You want to have visual contact with him on the street.
For the faithful people and the people-
I mean, I like seeing the pope very much.
This is frustrating when this does not happen.
Watson: Despite setbacks, there is pride here and hope Pope Francis can bring support to the shrinking Palestinian Christian community in the ancient city.
Ivan Watson from CNN(END VIDEOTAPE)
Watson: I was told by a shop owner, Becky, a sad modern fact is that when the Pope visited Jerusalem 50 years ago, people could queue up on the street with palm trees, of course, in today's era, the symbolism of Christianity is rich, which is harder to do today.
However, we do see Palestinians cheering on both sides of the streets of Bethlehem and waving flags and Vatican flags to the Pope as pope ---
Open again, no armor-
Just a few hours ago, through the streets of this town. -Becky.
Anderson: I 've been looking at photos when we look at your report ---
We are now back to them, and the Pope is welcomed to Jerusalem by the mayor near Barcat (ph)
This is the person I spoke to earlier on the Middle East peace talks and East Jerusalem and other issues.
Let's hear this. (
Start Video Editing)
Mayor of Jerusalem, nir barkat: I want to share with you--
Let's go to Lucerne Hospice (ph)
And show you some beautiful views of the old town.
Anderson: during this visit, the pope talked about the state of Palestine and the initiatives of the two countries that are recognized by the international community.
National solutions should be recognized.
This will include East Jerusalem as the capital of East Jerusalem. . .
By the way, Becky, look at the Middle East and the countries around Israel are collapsing.
One country after another is unstable.
It will be said that this is because there is still controversy in East Jerusalem.
Okay, okay. Find it.
But the reality is that the states around us are hard to state at sea.
In all the spirit-
In all the turmoil in the Middle East, one country is Israel's island of reason.
On that island of reason, Jerusalem did the best.
Our economy is growing, our crime rate is falling, and we have to do the right thing.
So when everyone is thinking about how to split, how to split, and how ---
I focus on how to unite, how to make life better, and how to make things more open.
Maybe we're doing the right thing.
The philosophy that the world pursues gives us nowhere to go.
Anderson: The Jordanian will tell you that they will argue that they are an oasis of calm in this turbulent area.
Many will also say that what causes so many problems around the world is the struggle on Jerusalem.
Do you at least admit that?
I heard it.
I don't think so, but I heard it.
I know people are putting pressure on this holy city of Jerusalem, but there is a simple answer that can't decide to do so, can't focus on the real problems in the Middle East, on Syria, on Iraq, Iran and Lebanon.
Anderson: So what's your message to the Pope here today?
Pope, we are honored and welcome him.
We understand his motives and his coming here is a great honor for us.
We respect him.
We may have some differences in political solutions.
This is a completely different thing.
You know, I 'd be happy to share my point with him and the rest of the world if there's enough time.
But we recognize that there are different opinions within Israel because we are a democratic country.
Of course, we also respect the opinions of others.
The solution must be negotiated by the government of Israel and anyone on the other side, which is not clear yet who is authorized by the other side at this point. (END VIDEO CLIP)
Anderson: Neil Barkat, Ivan Watson, tell me in no uncertain terms ---
His message to the Pope is a united, indivisible Jerusalem, a Jerusalem of Jews, Jerusalem of no one else.
Did this surprise you?
Watson: If you--
Becky, if coming to the Holy Land reminds you of anything, there are different beliefs piled up and rubbed shoulder to shoulder.
For example, in the Mahou Square in Bethlehem, when the pope ended his Mass, the mosque overlooking the square began to erupt in the appeal of Muslim prayer, basically the Catholics singing at the end of the mass.
Of course, you have three very important holy places in the center of the Old City of Jerusalem, the holy tomb church, the Dome of the wall, the Rock and the west wall.
They're all side by side.
If I hear another message from the Christians I have spoken to, it is the decreasing community, who are worried about their future in this land due to all these tensions.
They complain about the inability to travel to and from the West Bank and Jerusalem during Christian festivals.
This tense atmosphere extends to Christian.
Jewish relations in Jerusalem
Some Israelis have protested against the Pope's plan to go to the site, which is believed to be the last ---
Jesus was there to celebrate his Last Supper, which was also considered the place of the tomb of King David.
So everyone is fighting for space.
This is nothing new.
As these beliefs continue to live side by side in this holy city, it may continue ---Becky.
Anderson: living in Jerusalem, this is where the world is connected.
He's in Bethlehem for you.
Next, the Pope will visit the Middle East as he prepares to meet with the head of the Orthodox Church, a grand meeting.
When the divided nation chose the president, everyone was watching Ukraine.
We will look at the stakes in Ukraine and the rest of the world.
This is after this. (
Anderson: You're back. -
You're back in this world. -
You came back from Jerusalem by 6: 00 this evening to contact me to live with Becky Anderson of the world.
We will return to Jerusalem in a moment.
First, let's take you to Ukraine, where millions of registered voters are eligible to elect a new president, but few polling stations are open in the east.
In Donetsk, armed men from Chechnya fired weapons into the air. Now pro-
Russian separatists boycotted the vote.
Local officials say only about five polling stations are open in the east. Our chief U. S.
Security Correspondent Jim Sciutto is joining us now from Kiev.
Jim, I want to know if the Ukrainian government is not worried about whether this will be considered a legitimate election in the future, given the scarcity of voters in the east.
Jim sciutto, cnn correspondent: It's a fair question because one of the questions is how low turnout is in the east.
Our latest turnout data-
This is 3: 00--as of 3:00 p. m.
So still about three hours ago, about half of the voting days, you have 40% countries, but the turnout in these two eastern Donetsk and Luhansk regions is 9%, 17%. So well down.
So it's hard to imagine how these numbers are higher than the fifth or so, maybe a quarter.
What this means in the country.
Now, when I talk to youS.
Officials obviously also have a stake in the election, and they will say, look, you know, the west of the country, the middle of the country, the vast majority of people will be able to vote.
They hope that when you add up all this and balance the East and the West, you will have a number that is legal enough.
But it really depends on the explanation that the various entities that explain the legitimacy of this election certainly have axes to grind because, for example, when you talk about Moscow, if you don't like the results of the election, it may have a stake in declaring elections illegal, it can call for a lower turnout figure in the east, where you have a high approval rating
The Russian people questioned the vote.
So really, you know, when you talk to youS.
Officials and Ukrainian officials say let's wait and see.
We will make judgments today and tomorrow, but this is a tough question.
This is a difficult question to answer.
It will be a real problem, because no matter what the turnout is, Becky, you know, there's a lot of legitimacy in this government.
It must quickly prove itself, unite Ukraine and not corrupt in dealing with many problems, especially in this country, where economic problems are quickly resolved.
Anderson: Jim, let's just remind ourselves, what is America's interest? S.
Is there an election?
SCIUTTO: Well, this is America. S. --
I should say Europe. -
Not a direct interest.
They won't say they are trying to influence the outcome. But U. S.
Officials, including the president, will repeatedly say they want to see a stable and united Ukraine, a border safe Ukraine.
Earlier this year, in the eyes of the United States, these borders were violated. S.
And European officials who annexed Crimea.
So, you know, AmericaS.
Officials and European officials will say on the same page that they want Ukraine to stay together and let the people make choices about the next government, which is not only good for Ukraine, it is also conducive to peace and stability in Europe.
That is where the interests of the United States and the European Union lie.
Anderson: on a very important day in Ukraine, Jim siuto serves you in Kiev.
The latest headlines in the world are ahead.
In addition, the latest investigation into the shooting of the Belgian Jewish museum.
I'm taking you live in Brussels.
After that. (
Anderson: It's in Jerusalem just now.
Becky Anderson, this is a special place to connect the world with me.
The best story of the hour.
Of the 36 million voters registered in Ukraine, not all will vote for the president. Pro-
Russian separatists in the east promised to boycott elections there.
Local officials say, for example, the fifth polling station in Donetsk has been opened. A highly-
Sources in Thailand told CNN that the former prime minister was no longer detained by the military.
It has been three days since the army launched a coup and took control of the country.
Protesters clashed with security forces in the capital Bangkok.
Authorities say the shooting suspect in Southern California, Elliot Roger, has planned an attack on Friday for more than a year.
Roger was accused of killing six people before he committed suicide.
Belgian police have released photos of suspected gunmen shooting dead three people at a Jewish museum in Brussels.
They described him as a man of medium stature, movement, and agility.
He wore a dark hat with a logo.
Let's learn more from our senior international correspondent Nick Robertson, who is here in Brussels for you this evening.
At this stage, I know a lot about whether we understand whether this is a terrorist attack or an anti-Semitic attack.
What else do we know at this point?
Nick Robertson, cnn senior international correspondent: what officials are saying is that they are not sure what the motivation is.
They did think it was an anti-Semitic attack.
As you can see here, people come to pay their respects.
It is getting more and more crowded and there are a lot of flowers this afternoon.
Details published by the prosecutor's office and the police here are intended to draw attention to who this person may be.
They said they had no idea who he was.
The pictures that have been posted are very clear and very shocking.
They showed to a man who used automatic weapons, which looked like Kalashnikov, firing at something inside the museum.
We know four people were hit inside, three of them were killed.
As of this morning, one of them was in critical condition in the hospital.
There is another image of this person.
He wore a baseball cap pulled down from his face, carrying a bag on his shoulder, which he shot from a security camera on his way to the museum from here on the street.
But what officials are now worried about is finding where he is and finding him before another attack.
He is on the run, and a prosecutor's spokesman asked the country earlier today to help find him.
That's what she said. (
Start Video Editing)
Deputy prosecutor ine van wymersch: We are actively looking for the author and we have not--
We don't have arms yet, so obviously, we--
This is why we are required to cooperate with the media.
There are also people from Belgium and Brussels, look at the pictures and take a closer look, and if they have any information that can lead to the identity of the author, we ask them to provide that information to the police. (END VIDEO CLIP)
Robertson: Becky, I asked that too, and I said, OK, are you expanding your search beyond the border? Because it is clear that someone may try to cross the border, which is relatively easy in this part of Europe.
A spokeswoman for the prosecutor said she would not comment on it, but Becky, if the man did run to the border, Becky, officials would also be there to find him.
Anderson: Nick Robertson in Brussels this evening.
Pope Francis has just arrived in Jerusalem, his third visit to the Middle East-
This is a whirlwind tour.
He said the Palestinians had the right to establish a sovereign state in Tel Aviv.
He invited the President of Israel and the president of the Palestinian Authority to the Vatican for his so-called prayers, but in fact peace talks.
The Palestinians said they would attend.
One of the highlights of Pope Francis's visit is that he will soon meet with another iconic figure, the spiritual leader of the Christian Orthodox Church, basolomew.
They hope to bridge a long century.
The old split between the two churches
Ivan Watson took a closer look at Bartholomew and his shrinking community, his initial coverage of the unknown stories in the world of CNN.
Look at this. (Start Video)
BARTHOLOMEW, Bishop of the Orthodox Church: I am a bishop of 270.
Ivan watson, CNN Senior International Correspondent (voice-over)
This man is a vivid embodiment of the ancient tradition.
BARTHOLOMEW: the burden on my shoulders is so heavy, so much historical responsibility.
Watson: His Majesty basolomew is the spiritual leader of the world's 0. 25 billion Orthodox Christians.
BARTHOLOMEW: The Universal patriarchal system is considered to be the first landscape of the entire Orthodox world.
Watson: But the once prosperous Greek Orthodox Church in Turkey is disappearing.
Archbishop Constantine Ople leads a shrinking community of thousands of Greek Orthodox citizens.
We are a Christian minority.
We suffered a lot because of Greece.
Turkey's confrontation and struggle and lack of mutual trust and confidence.
That's why we lost most of our believers. WATSON (on camera)
: When the patriarch was a boy who grew up on the island, it was the largest Greek ethnic community on gokseda Island.
But today, it is proof of decades of discrimination and pressure from governments.
This once bustling community is now almost deserted, a crumbling ghost town. WATSON (voice-over)
Many Greeks packed their bags and headed to Greece.
Today, their empty home has become a playground for children of Muslim Turkish families, who are slowly entering these abandoned communities. WATSON (on camera)
: You are afraid of the status quo of the law today, will you be the last patriarch?
No, absolutely not.
Because we believe in Providence.
This is our faith, this is our faith, this is our hope, this is our prayer.
The rest, we all leave in the hands of God. (END VIDEOTAPE)
Anderson: so as not to forget, the reason for this trip to the Holy Land is to celebrate the 50 th anniversary of the Catholic Church and Orthodox reconciliation.
Let's take a look at our Vatican correspondent, Delia Gallagher, who may have forgotten all of this more than I know.
The 0. 3 billion historical leader
Powerful Orthodox Church
Please describe and explain the symbolism of tonight's meeting.
Andrea Gallagher, cnn correspondent: Yes.
This is important for the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church.
This patriarch is the patriarch of Constantine Constantinople, a historic attraction, one of the historical places the Apostles went to, and the starting point of the original unified Christian church.
Then, through a series of historical events became divided.
However, this is only a step towards the unification of Catholics and Orthodox churches.
The main obstacle here is the Russian Orthodox Church.
So this is the step that the Catholic Church believes is closer to the Russian Orthodox Church, which refuses to meet with the Vatican.
Anderson: Let's talk about the photos that our audience is seeing at the moment, because it's a really amazing thing in a Jerusalem attraction.
Gallagher: this is the main place for Christians, the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, who said that Jesus was crucified, buried, and then resurrected.
So, what you have in this church is stone, and it is written under the stone that it is part of Calvary Mountain, which is the mountain on Jesus, where he is crucified.
They said there was a hole under the place where the cross was put in.
This is really one of the most respected places.
Then, of course, they have the graves of Jesus, with stones in front of them.
Anderson: Needless to say-
I'm sure many of our viewers will visit the place.
Just before we finish the show this evening, I want to leave you the last word of what the Pope has achieved so far.
Two more days, two more days. and-a-half-day tour.
This is quite amazing.
I think there is a lot to say.
However, if we have to put it in 30 seconds-
Anderson: Thirty seconds. GALLAGHER: --
Of course, he stressed that peace between Palestine and Israel must be the main focus ---(CROSSTALK)
Anderson: It's a plundering promise, isn't it? GALLAGHER: --
At least this morning.
There will be a different focus this evening, but it is important that he comes and he is able to easily and bluntly say what he thinks about the search for peace.
Of course, as he said, invite the two of them to his house in the Vatican.
Anderson: something amazing.
This is definitely a pleasure, Andrea.
Thank you very much.
A: You're welcome.
Anderson: when the pope finishes this whirlwind tour, we will be back here tomorrow.
The team connecting the world wants to hear from you, facebook.
Com/CNNconnect, have your say on this trip or anything.
Tweet me @ BeckyCNN.
In today's farewell shot, we leave you with more pictures of the pope's historic day in the Holy Land. (
Host Leon raakhani: in the Middle East market this week, Egypt is preparing for the second presidential election two years later.
Will it bring political and economic stability?
With the controversial election in Ukraine coming, we spoke with Russia's second CEO
Ask how the turmoil in the region affects business.
Welcome to this show, I'm Leon Rahani, and I'm John de feltrios.
Now next week, Egyptians will go to the polling station to elect another president.
Former army chief Abdul Fattah
Sisi is running for office after free deportation of Egypt's first
After a massive public protest against the leaders of the Muslim Brotherhood, the elected leader, former President Mohammed Mosi, was elected.
Since the overthrow of Mosi, Egypt has experienced bloody internal clashes, with hundreds of people killed or imprisoned in a fierce crackdown on dissidents. Still, el-
West is still a supporter of the Army.
Islamists, but a new face and power, the third in three years, is enough to turn this around economically?
The fate of the troubled country?
Reza Sayah more(Start Video)(CROWD CHANTING)
Reza sayah, CNN International correspondent (voice-over)
: Since the 2011 revolution, Egyptians have been in Africa.
Stop the protests, overthrow the two presidents, six elections, and the seemingly endless political crisis. SAYAH (on camera)
What the Egyptians have not yet seen is what they have been asking for, a better economy, to give them a better life. SAYAH (voice-over)
Both of Egypt's presidential candidates insist they can do it.
Former army chief Abdul Fattah
Sisi is committed to building new roads, housing, airports, jobs and ending the energy crisis.
West's only opponent, left-
Inclined politician Hamdeen Sabahi has pledged to invest millions of dollars to reopen government factories, create new jobs, build new homes and improve health care. SAYAH (on camera)
: These are clearly lofty promises, but one thing the candidate has not done yet is to explain how they will do everything.
Are there any details provided by the two candidates?
Angus Blair, economist: Not yet.
This is the disadvantage.
But I think both of them are under increasing pressure to come up with a clearer plan that includes el-Sisi. SAYAH (voice-over): Cairo-
Egypt-based Economist Angus Blair said that in order to fulfill the campaign promise, Egypt's next president must attract investors inside and outside Egypt through large investors.
Reform of economies of scale.
It's not easy, but the problem is symmetrical.
But I have to say that the structural problems in Egypt are enormous.
SAYAH: Egypt's problems include rising food prices, an unemployment rate of about 14%, inflation, and a serious budget deficit of about 12% of GDP.
Economists say the key step to the recovery is to cut costly food and fuel subsidies, which make up one out of the budget. SAYAH (on camera)
: Is it necessary to get rid of these subsidies? -BLAIR: Yes. SAYAH: --
Make the economy better.
SAYAH: Must it happen?
This must happen. (CROWD SHOUTING)SAYAH (voice-over)
For the poor in Egypt, cutting subsidies is hard to swallow.
To mitigate the impact, Egypt's next leader must start projects to help the public, such as mass transit and affordable housing, Blair said.
Billions of aid from Gulf Arab countries can be launched.
Blair: Egypt can respond quickly if the policy is right.
But changing emotions is key because the right policies are to be put in place for the right people to implement them to show that changes are taking place. (CROWD CHANTING)
Only in this way can Egypt's next president really improve the economy and meet the needs of millions of Egyptians who are still waiting for a better life, analysts say. (END VIDEOTAPE)
LAKHANI: So, the election promise will soon translate into post-80 s action in Egypt
Plus million people
But attracting and retaining foreign investment is also key to Egypt's transformation.
Karim Helal, the chairman of the Abu Dhabi Islamic Bank in Egypt, is now with me. (Start Video)
Let me tell you some numbers.
International Monetary Fund forecasts
Egypt's economy grew 3% this year.
That's a little better than last year, but Egypt's target is a little more than 3%.
Now, given the political instability that we have seen in the last few years, is that feasible?
Karim Heller, Capital chairman of the Islamic Bank of Abu Dhabi, Egypt: I think this year's estimate is 2014, or 3.
GDP grew by 3%.
Yes, it does look a bit challenging.
In fact, this is quite challenging.
It remains to be seen whether we can achieve this goal.
My personal view is that we may be below 3%, which in itself is not a bad thing given the turmoil we have experienced over the past year or so.
LAKHANI: the budget deficit is heavy, accounting for about 12% of GDP.
But that number is improving in terms of foreign investment.
Now, the lucrative tourism sector, a major source of foreign exchange income, is slowly recovering, although the number of tourists is still not at the pre-2011 level.
Compared with the previous year, foreign direct investment increased slightly in the previous quarter.
Now, much of that is due to the billions of dollars the Gulf countries are committed to supporting the economy.
But is Egypt too dependent on such assistance?
I think we have to be realistic.
In the past year or more, we-
Our economy is more or less stagnant.
Tourism, one of our main foreign exchange revenues, continued to fall sharply.
So, yes, we will be very difficult without the assistance that has already been passed, and it will be more difficult to get through that time, which is beyond doubt.
LAKHANI: So, at the end of the day, all of these figures, if there is no political stability, all of these plans don't matter, as we said.
HELAL: what we see, all forecasts, all our wishes, our optimism, the interest we see from investors around the world, if you like, it depends on political stability, security and the rule of law. (END VIDEOTAPE)
As Russian oil giant Luke petroleum decided to move its international center to Dubai, our John Defterios sat down with the president of the company to ask him about his expansion plan in the Middle East. (
Russian oil giant Luke oil has exploration projects in more than a dozen countries around the world, including several in Iraq.
But since last year, the company has managed all its overseas operations in Dubai.
John Defterios sat down with the president of the company and asked him how the move changed the Middle East business. (Start Video)
Andre kuzyaf, overseas president of Luke Petroleum (
The Middle East is a key area for our development.
We have invested in two projects in Iraq.
We have a large exploration project near Saudi Arabia and we will have more projects in the Middle East.
As a result, Dubai has just become a new central point of our Enterprise Service Center.
John defterios, CNN's Emerging Markets Editor: The ultimate goal is 1.
In western Quran, Iraq, 2 million barrels a day, but now it's about a tenth.
When can we see full production? KUZYAEV (
Therefore, the current output is no longer 120,000 barrels per day, but 150,000 barrels per day.
By the end of this year or early next year, we will achieve a new production platform for the early oil stage, that is, 400,000 barrels per day.
So we have invested about $4 billion so far, and we need to reinvest about $36 billion.
DEFTERIOS: the $36 billion on the service contract is fantastic.
This is not a very generous contract.
Why are you putting so much money into such a project? KUZYAEV (
We think this project is very attractive.
Our profit is about $5 billion and our internal rate of return is 15%.
DEFTERIOS: people see all the lack of security and 3,000 people were killed in 2014.
Will it affect the business where you run it? KUZYAEV (
Safety is our top priority.
So far, there have been no cases of kidnapping and terrorist attacks in our contracted area.
We know that the Iraqi people are facing difficulties.
We believe that stability in this country is better now.
You're talking about new projects in the Middle East.
What are you looking at today except Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Egypt? KUZYAEV (
: So, after we start production in the West kuran-2 oil field in Iraq, we will enter into new exploration projects in Iraq.
One of them is block 10.
We are also considering several projects in Iraq.
We found the field.
One of them is nasilia and others.
In Saudi Arabia, we are considering a gas project.
We do not seek an extension in Egypt.
DEFTERIOS: But what are the conditions under which you are looking for new investments in Egypt? KUZYAEV (
Our project in Egypt is not big.
We have been in Egypt for about 20 years so far.
We have been looking for new investment opportunities.
As soon as economic and political stability in Egypt improves, we are ready to make new investments.
DEFTERIOS: President Putin's interaction with Ukraine allows us to evaluate how people respond to companies like Luke oil.
Will it change its business due to tensions in Ukraine? KUZYAEV (
I can say that there is no change in our activities overseas.
We are working in line with the strategies and objectives previously set.
I hope that this conflict will cease and that peace will resume.
Some describe this as the cold war between the United States and Russia in the 21 st century, including the cold war between Europe.
Is this a fair assessment? KUZYAEV (
It's hard for me to say because I'm in the Middle East most of the time, but on that I would say our leaders would be better ---
It's better to find some peaceful ways of saying things. (END VIDEOTAPE)
LAKHANI: this is the edition of CNN's Middle East market.
I'm Lakhani from Lyon. Thank you for watching. (